International Court of Justice


Alleged violations of sovereign rights and maritime spaces in the Caribbean Sea (Nicaragua vs Colombia)

There were alleged violations of sovereign rights and maritime spaces in the caribbean sea where Nicaragua brought a case forward stating that Colombia had breached “its obligation not to use or threaten to use force”, “its obligation not to violate Nicaragua’s maritime zones”, and “its obligation not to violate Nicaragua’s rights under customary international law”. Furthermore, Nicaragua stated, “Colombia is bound to comply with the Judgment of 19 November 2012, wipe out the legal and material consequences of its internationally wrongful acts, and make full reparation for the harm caused by those acts”.

Jadhav (India vs Pakistan)

India filed an application to institute proceedings against Pakistan for alleged violations of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 24 April 1963 “in the matter of the detention and trial of an Indian national, Mr. Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav”, who had been sentenced to death by a military court in Pakistan in April 2017. India claimed that Pakistan had failed to inform it, without delay, of the arrest and detention of its nationals. It further contended that Mr. Jadhav had not been informed of his rights under Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, and that India’s consular officers had been denied access to Mr. Jadhav while he was in custody, detention and prison, and had been unable to converse and correspond with him, or arrange for his legal representation.India also filed a Request for the indication of provisional measures, requesting the Court to direct Pakistan to “take all measures necessary to ensure that Mr. Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav is not executed”.

The Gambia vs Myanmar

The Gambia filed an application for acts adopted, taken, and condoned,  which include “killing, causing serious bodily and mental harm, inflicting conditions that are calculated to bring about physical destruction, imposing measures to prevent births, and forcible transfers, are genocidal in character because they are intended to destroy the Rohingya group in whole or in part”,  by the Government of Myanmar against members of the Rohingya group. The Gambia also claimed, “These acts are all attributable to Myanmar, which is thus responsible for committing genocide. Myanmar has also violated other fundamental obligations under the Genocide Convention, including by attempting to commit genocide; conspiring to commit genocide; inciting genocide; complicity in genocide; and failing to prevent and punish genocide.”