The question of strengthening maternal, infant, and young child nutrition in Africa
Goal 3 of the United nations sustainable development goals reads, “to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.” Around the world children still experience malnutrition which leads to stunts in growth, low birth weight and wasting. Sub Saharan African countries have recorded poor nutritional progress in comparison with any other continent. Child and maternal mortality and morbidity is recorded at its highest in these regions providing a large gap in achieving total healthcare. Research has shown that nutrition is highly influenced by five interrelated factors covering political instability, poverty, inequality, ineffective development policy and inadequate food security. Therefore it is critical that these issues are immediately addressed.
The question of strengthening emergency care
Emergency care addresses a wide range of illnesses, traumatic injuries, surgical diseases and acute complications. These can often be life threatening, and need immediate attention. However, in most developing countries, emergency healthcare has been underrepresented and ministries of health have been reluctant to include comprehensive emergency care in their essential packages of services.
Measures to contain and prevent the spread of pandemics and infectious diseases
In an era of emerging and re-emerging communicable diseases and health threats, the importance of infection prevention and control measures in healthcare are of utmost importance. Although progress in technological and medical developments have been seen, an increase in globalization has ultimately put the world at risk for transferring infectious diseases in a matter of hours to the other side of the world. Air, sea and land travel has continued to expand in reach, speed of travel and volume of passengers which has allowed pathogens and vectors to move further, faster and in greater numbers than ever before. Therefore, measures need to be put in place to help prevent the spread of pandemics and contain the spread of them when they occur.