The question of the legal status of internment camps in China
Since 2014, the People’s Republic of China has been operating internment camps in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The reason for these camps: to counter terrorism. The Uyghurs and Muslims from other ethnic minorities are being held by local authorities, claiming the detentions are a bid to counter extremism and terrorism. It is estimated that Chinese authorities may have detained hundreds of thousands of Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Hui, and other ethnic Turkic Muslims. In October of 2018, the BBC released the details of an extensive investigation into these internment camps and the extent to which the People’s Republic goes to maintain what it calls ‘‘correct thought’’. These policies have been characterized as “cultural genocide” by international academic journals, some parties refer to these camps as “concentration camps”. It is evident that this situation needs intervention as it is a breach of human rights. The United Nations Human Rights Council must first determine the status of the internment camps before further action can be taken.
The question of determining the status of asylum seekers and refugees in the US
Illegal immigration to the United States is a violation of federal immigration laws. This can include foreign nationals who have entered the Unites States illegally, as well as those who entered legally but remained after the expiration of their entry visa or parole documents. Illegal immigration has been a matter of strong debate in the United States since the 1980's, and has been a major focus of President Donald Trump. The illegal immigrant population of the United States peaked in 2007, when it was at 12.2 million and 4% of the total U.S. population.