The question of establishing a Nuclear Weapon Free zone in the region of the Middle East
This initiative is to seek a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons. This is an outcome of the discourse centered on promoting greater awareness and understanding of the humanitarian consequences that would result from any use of nuclear weapons within the region of the Middle East. This causes deep concern for the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear.
The question of reducing illicit arms trade in Africa
In Africa and elsewhere, the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons is opaque, amorphous and dynamic. It is also a global enterprise, with the illicit weapons across Africa coming from virtually every major arm producing country in the world. Illicit arms flows continue to promote conflicts in many African countries, from petty crime to insurgencies and terrorist activities.
The question regarding the need for a new international nuclear weapons treaty
An international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in peaceful use. The previous treaty defines nuclear-weapon states as those that have built and tested a nuclear explosive device before 1 January 1967; these are the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, and China. Four other states are known or believed to possess nuclear weapons: India, Pakistan, and North Korea have openly tested and declared that they possess nuclear weapons.