The question of ensuring criminal accountability for UN personnel on mission
Criminal accountability for UN personnel on mission refers to the debate surrounding the complex question of who has the legal authority to impose criminal penalties on United Nations personnel as a result of misconduct carried out while on UN Peace Operations. A precedent for criminal jurisdiction was established in UN executive missions in Kosovo and East Timor, leading to the recommendation by the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations that an “interim legal code” should be produced for use in these situations, resulting in the Model Codes for Post-Conflict Criminal Justice Project. However, before such a model could be put into action, delegates on this committee must overcome barriers to proper criminal accountability for UN employees in order to produce an effective resolution: state related barriers, such as weak justice systems, and questions regarding which government or body should be responsible for such a task.
The question of global mass surveillance
Global mass surveillance refers to the mass surveillance of entire populations across national borders, being traced back to the UKUSA Agreement of 1941, enacted by the United States, later expanding to Canada, Australia and New Zealand, which resulted in the Five Eyes alliance as it exists today. The agency responsible for the most far-reaching surveillance is the National Security Agency, making it bound to United States Law, which protects American citizens and legal residents from warrant-less surveillance. However, citizens outside of the United States are not legally protected from this surveillance, alongside surveillance from other countries, drawing attention to the need for a comprehensive solution that deals with the question of security vs. privacy, that can be written into international law.